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Awareness of stroke and knowledge of its risk factors among respondents in Shika community, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Abdulhakeem Abayomi Olorukooba, Yahaya Mohammed, Shamsudeen Suleiman Yahaya, Lawal Amadu, Jimoh Mohammed Ibrahim, Mary Ojonema Onoja-Alexander
January-June 2018, 3(1):30-34
Reduction in risk of stroke is possible through prevention, modification, or treatment of the emerging or established modifiable risk factors.
The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge regarding stroke risk factors and factors affecting this knowledge among residents of Shika, Zaria.
Settings and Design:
A community-based cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 133 respondents in Shika community.
Subjects and Methods:
A pretested, semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain data from the respondents.
Statistical Analysis Used:
Data were analyzed using IBM-SPSS version 21. Descriptive summary statistics such as mean and standard deviation (SD) were used to present numeric data such as age while frequencies and proportions were used for categorical data such as knowledge level. Chi-square test and Fischer's exact test were used to determine the association between categorical variables at a significant level of
Majority of the respondents were males (64.7%), with a mean (± SD) age of 33 ± 14 years, and had tertiary education (46.6%). About 82.0% of them had ever heard of stroke. Only 21.8% of respondents had good knowledge (any respondent able to identify ≥2 established factors) of stroke risk factors. There was a statistically significant relationship between knowledge of stroke risk factors and gender of respondents (
= 6.25) as well as with the educational status of respondents (
Knowledge of stroke risk factors was found to be poor among the respondents, and educational status and gender of respondents were found to be associated factors. To increase public knowledge of stroke, community-based educational strategies based on the results of this study should focus on people with poor educational background.
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Depression among students of a Nigerian University: Prevalence and academic correlates
Aisha Dabana, Abdulrazaq A Gobir
January-June 2018, 3(1):6-10
Depression is a common health problem, ranking third after cardiac and respiratory diseases as a major cause of disability. It is extremely prevalent among university students and is a widespread problem globally. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of depression and the academic factors that are associated with it among students of Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Zaria, Nigeria.
This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 127 undergraduate students of ABU. Data were collected using a structured, self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and were analyzed using IBM-Statistical Software for Social Sciences, version 20.0.
Majority of the respondents (58.2%) had depression, with 37.0%, 15.7%, 3.9%, and 1.6% having mild, moderate, moderately-severe, and severe depression, respectively, according to the PHQ-9 scoring system, using a cutoff score of 5. There was no statistically significant association between depression and academic performance of respondents (
= 0.360) nor with interest (or lack thereof) in the course of study (
Depression, at different levels of severity, was noted among respondents. More screening and counseling services should be made easily accessible to students in the study area. Further research on nonacademic factors that could predispose to depression is recommended. This will aid in formulating policies for prevention and control of depression in the study area.
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* Source: CrossRef
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